Nouns, adjectives, comparatives and superlatives

by John January 11, 2021

What is a noun? What is an adjective?
At Central school of English, we help students learn and improve their grammar.

Today, we will talk about nouns and adjectives.


A noun is a word we use for a thing.
Nouns are people, places, things.

Some common people nouns are: Mother, Father, sister, brother, man, woman etc.

Some common place nouns are: Ireland, Dublin, The Central school, The United states.

Some common thing nouns are: Pen, table, car, Music, Movie.


A noun is the name of a thing


Adjectives are words we use to describe nouns.

A table is a noun. But how do we describe the table? We say it is big, wooden, small, long etc.
These words are adjectives.

Here are some more examples of adjectives: Tall, beautiful, nice, interesting.

If we use an adjective in a sentence we always put it in front of a noun: adjective + noun

Look at some examples of adjectives and nouns together:

a tall man

a nice lady

a beautiful sky


Let’s make a sentence with these words.

John is a tall man.

Anne is a nice lady.

She looked up at the beautiful sky.


An adjective is a word we use to describe a noun

Comparative adjectives

We have seen what an adjective is and what a noun is.

Now we will think about comparing nouns.
Let’s imagine we have two tables. One table is big and the other table is small.
To compare these two tables we can use a comparative adjective.
For example:

One table is bigger than the other. The other table is smaller than this one.

Look at more examples below:

Long…longer than

Short…shorter than

Tall…taller than

Cheap…cheaper than

High…higher than

Low…lower than

Large…larger than

Small…smaller than


London is bigger than Dublin.

John is taller than Mark.

Superlative adjectives

When we have more than two nouns to compare, we use Superlatives.
Let’s imagine we have three tables. The first table is big, the second table is smaller and the third table is very small.

We can then say: The third table is the smallest table.
We can also say: The first table is the biggest table.

Look at more examples below:

Long…The longest

Short…The shortest

Tall…The tallest

Cheap…The cheapest

High…The highest

Low…The lowest

Large…The largest

Small…The smallest


London is bigger than Dublin but Tokyo is the biggest city in the world.

John is taller than Mark but Brian is the tallest in the family.

Test Yourself

Use adjectives to make these sentences better.

Example: Andrew is holding a suitcase at the airport.

Answer: Andrew is holding a large suitcase at the airport.


  1. Marina has a computer.?
  2. John lives in a house.
  3. Paul is tall. Nobody in his family is taller.
  4. Maria is wearing a long dress. Her sister’s dress is not long.

Test Yourself

Choose the correct answer.


Nouns and adjectives

1 / 8

Adjectives are...

2 / 8

We use nouns for...

3 / 8

A noun is...

4 / 8

Russia is _________ country in the world.

5 / 8

China is _____________ than Ireland

6 / 8

Alba is __________ her sister.

7 / 8

The pacific ocean is _________ the Atlantic ocean.

8 / 8

Mount Everest is ________ mountain in the world.

Your score is

We hope you liked our post. You’ll find more English grammar tips elsewhere on our site and if you’d like information on our English courses in Dublin, please do not hesitate to contact us.

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